This week, Seattle took a giant leap toward open data and transparency when it became one of four U.S. cities to join the federal open data portal data.gov at cities.data.gov.

As reported by govtech.com, Seattle, San Francisco, Chicago and New York now have a great amount of data available for the public, such as fire and police reports, or just simply finding a good park for your kid. According to former Seattle chief technology officer Bill Schrier, who helped work on the deal before he moved to e.Republic, it is very much a “huge step forward for open data, transparency and applications.”

Why is this important? We won’t go all Bilbo Baggins on you, but here’s the gist (thanks to Schrier for helping us sort this out):

1. Open data movement and “apps challenges” were started by the CTO of the District of Columbia, which released a lot of D.C. data on its government website and challenged app developers to write applications against it. A good one, Stumble Safely, used your location to alert you to how safe your immediate surroundings were — and helped spur the next step.

2. That app was presented to the federal government, in part resulting in Obama’s “openness and transparency” executive order in 2009. That turned into data.gov. Seattle-based Socrata won the contract to host it.

3. Other cities, counties and states nationwide witnessed the awesome powers of open data, launching their own sites. They also requested that developers write apps against their data.

Bill Schrier

Here’s where it became tricky: Data for one area only works for that area. Seattle’s data won’t translate to New York, and vice versa. “This is why cities.data.gov is so important,” Schrier continues. “It is the first time we are seeing an attempt to create a data site with federated data, so apps don’t have to be written for each city and county and state.”

Or, as govtech reports, “Transparency gains by the federal government, as evidenced by sites like Usaspending.gov and Data.gov, are encouraging governments at all levels to open up data for the public good.” In other words, more transparency translating into a more informed public.

Socrata‘s role is to help organize this info and make it more readily available. As a result, similar types of data sets, like crime data and 311 calls, will be standardized from city to city, making sharing info and comparisons quite easier. Another plus is that the app developers working on these city-specific apps will be able to better adapt them to a broader marketplace.

“By taking this step of federating data from cities into one catalog, with one common API, the Socrata Open Data API (SODA), we are reducing transaction costs for developers, at least in terms of discovery,” Socrata VP of marketing Saf Rabah says. “The next step will be to develop the common schemas and build software that helps developers work with ‘normalized data’ so they can get economies of scope working in their favor. We launched a similar Data Convergence Cloud MetroChicagoData.org a few months ago.”

Dare to dream: Someday, something like One Bus Away can work everywhere.

Previously on GeekWireAttention geeks: Your government needs you (and it’s offering $75,000 for new apps)

Comments

  • http://twitter.com/WhichBus WhichBus

    We are huge supporters of this at WhichBus (http://whichbus.org) as it’s one of the reasons we’re able to do trip planning AND real time. Thank you Bill and everyone else who is working hard to open up government data!

  • http://www.oss.net RobertDavidSTEELEVivas

    The only thing scarier than an out of control federal government that borrow a trillion and wastes two trillion on meeting the needs of special interests and not the needs of the public, is Seattle joining the federal death march. NEWS FLASH: There are eight information “tribes” of which government is the least important, and the beneficiary rather than the benefactor: academic, civil society, commerce, government, law enforcement, media, military, and non-government/non-profit. Seattle would be MUCH better off creatng a Smart City that integrates all the data from all eight tribes as centered on Seattle, and in support of that larger vision, also go “all in” on all the opens. Open Data, Open Government, Open Hardware, Open Software, Open Standards. OpenBTS to Open Cloud to Open Spectrum. Open Education to Open Science. Then you have the Autonomous Internet (but not in Palo Alto), Liberation Technology (for that you have to go to Stanford), and True Cost Economics (Herman Daly lives in Maryland). I fully expect the Mayor of Palo Alto to come forth with the equivalent of “let them eat data.” As the United Kingdom is rapidly learning, data vomit is just that…data vomit. It time to think just a bit more broadly and deeply. Here are the links to Open Source Everything:

    TWITTER HASH: #openall

    DAILY HIGHLIGHTS: http://tinyurl.com/OSE-ALL

    THE LIST: http://tinyurl.com/OSE-LIST

    ROOT POST: http://tinyurl.com/OSE-ROOT

    THE BOOK: http://tinyurl.com/OSE-PAPER

    THE AUTHOR: http://tinyurl.com/Steele2012Best wishes to all, and to all a good-night from Virginia.

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