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Launch Complex 2
With Rocket Lab CEO Peter Beck at center, dignitaries gather at Launch Complex 2 at the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport on Virginia’s Wallops Island. (NASA Wallops Photo)

Rocket Lab today celebrated the opening of a launch complex on the Virginia coast, half a world away from its first launch pad in New Zealand.

The California-based company’s New Zealand-born CEO, Peter Beck, announced that the first liftoff from Launch Complex 2 at Virginia’s Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport on Wallops Island would put an experimental satellite into orbit for the U.S. Air Force early next year. The Air Force’s Monolith nanosatellite will test a miniaturized system that’s designed to keep track of space weather.

Over the past two and a half years, Rocket Lab has conducted 10 low-cost launches of its Electron rocket from Launch Complex 1 on New Zealand’s Mahia Peninsula. Seattle-based Spaceflight has played a role in several of those launches by arranging the logistics for secondary satellite payloads.

Rocket Lab announced its plans for Launch Complex 2 a little more than a year ago. “It was a very rigorous process,” Beck said during a news briefing. “and it seems such a short time ago that we sat here and announced that we would be building something in Wallops.”

The Virginia launch site, which is on the grounds of NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility, is likely to cater to the Air Force and other U.S. government customers. Rocket Lab said it plans to conduct up to 12 launches a year from Virginia, but New Zealand’s Launch Complex 1 will continue to serve as its primary pad, with the capacity to support up to 120 launches a year.

Rocket Lab’s Electron can send up to 500 pounds of payload to low Earth orbit (depending on the orbit) for a price in the range of $5 million to $7.5 million. The company plans to reduce launch costs further by making its first-stage booster recoverable and reusable.

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